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Portrait of Brutus


Hair was clipped all over the head, but fell in short locks on the forehead and at the nape of the neck.

From the second or third century B. C. to the middle of the first century AD men were smooth-shaven (always excepting some uncouth country-folk like the one whom Martial, in a neat epigram (XII, 59) calls a "shaggy farmer with a kiss like a he-goat's").

Septimius Severus

Occasionally during that time, to be sure, the short clipped beard would have a brief vogue; ordinarily, to let the beard grow was a sign of mourning. From the time of Hadrian (58-138 AD) it was fashionable to wear a clipped beard and moustache, like that familiar to us in the portraits of King Edward VII.

Hats were not a necessary part of costume, but they existed, in the same styles and used for the same purposes as among the Greeks

corona triumphalisWreaths were awarded as prizes, very much as they were in Greece; the laurel was the usual leaf. The special wreath or "corona triumphalis" worn by a victorious general during his triumph was originally made of real laurel and bay leaves, but was later imitated in gold.

The "corona radiata" was the mark of divinity (gold, and as its name implies, made to suggest the sun's rays) and Nero and subsequent emperors actually wore it during their lifetime, by virtue of the assumed divinity of the Caesars.

Sources: History of Costume,  Historic Costume for the Stage by Lucy Barton